WMIC qfe list will give you the list of all installed Windows and software updates applied to that computer.
WMIC stands for Windows Management Instrumentation Command.

This guide will give you quick solution to uninstall software remotely using command line. You will learn how to: 


You'll also learn more about automated endpoint security and management.

Credits

Originally posted - https://www.action1.com/kb/getting-a-list-of-all-installed-Windows-updates.html