With the rise of SharePoint 2013 and Apps for SharePoint, client side object model (CSOM) and JavaScript object model (JSOM) are becoming the norm for development on SharePoint.  In SharePoint 2013 the CSOM and JSOM object models have been greatly expanded and optimized making client side development a joy.  Even in SharePoint 2010, these object models allowed for a lot of development opportunities.  If you needed something more robust, you could very easily deploy a WCF web service and make AJAX calls to the server.

 

With this thinking in mind, we can stop building custom web parts which are deployed to the server and instead build functionality using JSOM and the out of the box XML View web part.

For a complete walkthrough of this code, please visit the following post: http://brandonatkinson.blogspot.com/2013/10/stop-building-custom-web-parts-in.html